The International Rugby Board (IRB) was formed in 1886 as the International Rugby Football Board (IRFB) in order to standardize the rules of the game of rugby union and to manage international matches. The organization was renamed the International Rugby Board in 1998.
The IRB is responsible for the governance of rugby union at the international level. This includes setting and enforcing rules for the game, managing international competitions such as the Rugby World Cup, and overseeing the development of the sport around the world. The IRB also works to promote the game globally and to increase its popularity and accessibility to players and fans.
The IRB is governed by a board of directors, made up of representatives from each of the national rugby unions that are members of the organization. These representatives are elected by their respective unions and serve for a set term of office. The IRB also has a number of committees and working groups that focus on specific areas of the game, such as player welfare, refereeing, and women's rugby.
The IRB is also responsible for the management of the Rugby World Cup, which is held every four years and is the sport's premier international tournament. The organization also manages other international competitions such as the Rugby Championship, the Six Nations, and the European Nations Cup.
In addition to its role in managing international rugby, the IRB also works to promote the sport at the grassroots level and to increase participation in countries where rugby is not yet well established. This includes supporting the development of domestic leagues and competitions, as well as providing training and resources for coaches, referees, and players.
Overall, the International Rugby Board plays a crucial role in ensuring the growth and development of rugby union at the international level, as well as promoting the sport on a global scale.